To determine what class(es) your trademark falls within, feel free to look over our class explanations below.

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Explanatory Note

Class 1 includes mainly chemical products used in industry, science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of products belonging to other classes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • compost;
  • salt for preserving other than for foodstuffs;
  • certain additives for the food industry (consult the Alphabetical List of Goods).

Explanatory Note

Class 2 includes mainly paints, colorants and preparations used for the protection against corrosion.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • paints, varnishes and lacquers for industry, handicrafts and arts;
  • dyestuffs for clothing;
  • colorants for foodstuffs and beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 3 includes mainly cleaning preparations and non-medicated toiletry preparations.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • deodorants for human beings or for animals;
  • room fragrancing preparations;
  • sanitary preparations being toiletries.

Explanatory Note

Class 5 includes mainly pharmaceuticals and other preparations for medical or veterinary purposes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • sanitary preparations for personal hygiene, other than toiletries;
  • diapers for babies and incontinents;
  • deodorants other than for human beings or for animals;
  • medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices;
  • dietary supplements, intended to supplement a normal diet or to have health benefits;
  • meal replacements, dietetic food and beverages, adapted for medical or veterinary use;
  • cigarettes without tobacco, for medical purposes.

Explanatory Note 

Class 6 includes mainly unwrought and partly wrought common metals, including ores, as well as certain goods made of common metals.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • metals in foil or powder form for further processing, for example, for 3D printers;
  • metal building materials, for example, materials of metal for railway tracks, pipes and tubes of metal;
  • small items of metal hardware, for example, bolts, screws, nails, furniture casters, window fasteners;
  • transportable buildings or structures of metal, for example, prefabricated houses, swimming pools, cages for wild animals, skating rinks;
  • certain goods made of common metals not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, all-purpose boxes of common metal, statues, busts and works of art of common metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 7 includes mainly machines, machine tools, motors and engines.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • parts of motors and engines (of all kinds);
  • electric cleaning machines and apparatus.

Explanatory Note 

Class 8 includes mainly hand-operated implements used as tools in the respective professions.

Explanatory Note

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • apparatus and instruments for scientific research in laboratories;
  • apparatus and instruments for controlling ships, such as apparatus and instruments for measuring and for transmitting orders;
  • protractors;
  • punched card office machines;
  • all computer programs and software regardless of recording media or means of dissemination, that is, software recorded on magnetic media or downloaded from a remote computer network.

Explanatory Note 

Class 10 includes mainly surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus, instruments and articles generally used for the diagnosis, treatment or improvement of function or condition of persons and animals.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • supportive bandages and special clothing for medical purposes, for example, compression garments, stockings for varices, strait jackets, orthopaedic footwear;
  • articles, instruments and devices for menstruation, contraception and childbirth, for example, menstrual cups, pessaries, condoms, childbirth mattresses, forceps;
  • therapeutic and prosthetic articles and devices for implantation composed of artificial or synthetic materials, for example, surgical implants composed of artificial materials, artificial breasts, brain pacemakers, biodegradable bone fixation implants;
  • furniture especially made for medical purposes, for example, armchairs for medical or dental purposes, air mattresses for medical purposes, operating tables.

Explanatory Note 

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • –air-conditioning apparatus;
  • bed warmers, hot water bottles, warming pans, electric or non-electric;
  • electrically heated cushions (pads) and blankets, not for medical purposes;
  • electrically heated clothing;
  • electric kettles;
  • electric cooking utensils.

Explanatory Note

This Class includes, in particular:

  • motors and engines for land vehicles;
  • couplings and transmission components for land vehicles;
  • air cushion vehicles.

Explanatory Note

Class 13 includes mainly firearms and pyrotechnical products.

Explanatory Note

Class 14 includes mainly precious metals and certain goods made of precious metals or coated therewith, as well as jewellery, clocks and watches, and component parts therefor.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • jewellery, including imitation jewellery, for example, paste jewellery;
  • cuff links, tie pins, tie clips;
  • key rings, key chains and charms therefor;
  • jewellery charms;
  • jewellery boxes;
  • component parts for jewellery, clocks and watches, for example, clasps and beads for jewellery, movements for clocks and watches, clock hands, watch springs, watch crystals.

Explanatory Note

 

This Class includes, in particular:

  • mechanical pianos and their accessories;
  • musical boxes;
  • electrical and electronic musical instruments.

Explanatory Note

Class 16 includes mainly paper, cardboard and certain goods made of those materials, as well as office requisites.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • paper knives and paper cutters;
  • cases, covers and devices for holding or securing paper, for example, document files, money clips, holders for cheque books, paper-clips, passport holders, scrapbooks;
  • certain office machines, for example, typewriters, duplicators, franking machines for office use, pencil sharpeners;
  • painting articles for use by artists and interior and exterior painters, for example, artists’ watercolour saucers, painters’ easels and palettes, paint rollers and trays;
  • certain disposable paper products, for example, bibs, handkerchiefs and table linen of paper;
  • certain goods made of paper or cardboard not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, paper bags, envelopes and containers for packaging, statues, figurines and works of art of paper or cardboard, such as figurines of papier mâché, framed or unframed lithographs, paintings and watercolours.

Explanatory Note

Class 17 includes mainly electrical, thermal and acoustic insulating materials and plastics for use in manufacture in the form of sheets, blocks and rods as well as certain goods made of rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica or substitutes therefor.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • rubber material for recapping tyres;
  • floating anti-pollution barriers;
  • adhesive tapes, other than stationery and not for medical or household purposes;
  • plastic films, other than for wrapping and packaging, for example, anti-dazzle films for windows;
  • elastic threads and threads of rubber or plastic, not for textile use;
  • certain goods made of the materials in this class not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, foam supports for flower arrangements, padding and stuffing materials of rubber or plastics, rubber stoppers, shock-absorbing buffers of rubber, rubber bags or envelopes for packaging.

Explanatory Note

Class 18 includes mainly leather, imitations of leather and certain goods made of those materials.

 This Class includes, in particular: 

  • luggage and carrying bags, for example, suitcases, trunks, travelling bags, sling bags for carrying infants, school bags;
  • luggage tags;
  • business card cases and pocket wallets;
  • boxes and cases of leather or leatherboard.

Explanatory Note

Class 19 includes mainly non-metallic building materials.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • semi-worked woods (for example, beams, planks, panels);
  • veneers;
  • building glass (for example, floor slabs, glass tiles);
  • glass granules for marking out roads;
  • letter boxes of masonry.

 This Class does not include, in particular:

  • cement preservatives and cement-waterproofing preparations (Cl. 1);
  • fireproofing preparations (Cl. 1).

Explanatory Note

Class 20 includes mainly furniture and parts therefor, as well as certain goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • metal furniture, furniture for camping, gun racks, newspaper display stands;
  • indoor window blinds and shades;
  • bedding, for example, mattresses, spring mattresses, pillows;
  • looking glasses, furniture and toilet mirrors;
  • registration plates, not of metal;
  • small items of non-metallic hardware, for example, bolts, screws, dowels, furniture casters, collars for fastening pipes;
  • letter boxes, not of metal or masonry.

Explanatory Note

Class 21 includes mainly small, hand-operated utensils and apparatus for household and kitchen use, as well as toilet utensils, glassware and certain goods made of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware or glass.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • utensils and containers for household and kitchen use, for example, fly swatters, bread boards, corkscrews, cocktail shakers, piggy banks, pails, cooking pots and pans;
  • small hand-operated kitchen apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or crushing, for example, garlic presses, nutcrackers, pestles and mortars;
  • serving utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie servers and serving ladles;
  • combs, electric and non-electric;
  • toothbrushes, electric and non-electric;
  • dish stands and decanter stands.

Explanatory Note

Class 22 includes mainly canvas and other materials for making sails, rope, padding and stuffing materials and raw fibrous textile materials.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • cords and twines made of natural or artificial textile fibres, paper or plastics;
  • fishing nets, hammocks, rope ladders;
  • vehicle covers, not fitted;
  • certain sacks and bags not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, bags for washing hosiery, body bags, mail bags;
  • packaging bags of textile;
  • animal fibres and raw textile fibres, for example, animal hair, cocoons, jute, raw or treated wool, raw silk.

Explanatory Note

Class 24 includes mainly fabrics and fabric covers for household use.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • household linen, for example, bedspreads, pillow shams, towels of textile;
  • bed linen of paper;
  • sleeping bags, sleeping bag liners;
  • mosquito nets.

Explanatory Note

Class 26 includes mainly dressmakers’ articles, natural or synthetic hair for wear, and hair adornments, as well as small decorative items intended to adorn a variety of objects, not included in other classes.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • wigs, toupees and false beards;
  • barrettes and hair bands;
  • hair nets;
  • buckles and zippers;
  • charms, other than for jewellery, key rings or key chains.

Explanatory Note

Class 27 includes mainly products intended to be added as furnishings to previously constructed floors and walls.

Explanatory Note 

Class 28 includes mainly toys, apparatus for playing games, sports equipment, amusement and novelty items, as well as certain articles for Christmas trees.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • amusement and game apparatus, including controllers therefor;
  • amusement and novelty items, for example, carnival masks, paper party hats, confetti, practical jokes and party favours;
  • hunting and fishing tackle, for example, fishing rods, landing nets for anglers, decoys, hunting game calls;
  • equipment for various sports and games.

Explanatory Note

Class 29 includes mainly foodstuffs of animal origin as well as vegetables and other horticultural comestible products which are prepared for consumption or conservation.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • milk beverages (milk predominating);
  • seeds prepared for human consumption, not being seasonings or flavourings.

Explanatory Note

Class 30 includes mainly foodstuffs of plant origin prepared for consumption or conservation as well as auxiliaries intended for the improvement of the flavour of food.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base;
  • cereals prepared for human consumption (for example, oat flakes and those made of other cereals).

Explanatory Note

Class 31 includes mainly land and sea products not having been subjected to any form of preparation for consumption, live animals and plants, as well as food­stuffs for animals.

 This Class includes, in particular: 

  • unprocessed cereals;
  • plant residue;
  • unprocessed algae;
  • unsawn timber;
  • fertilized eggs for hatching;
  • fresh mushrooms and truffles;
  • litter for animals, for example, aromatic sand, sanded paper for pets.

Explanatory Note

Class 32 includes mainly non-alcoholic beverages, as well as beer.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • non-alcoholic beverages.

Explanatory Note

 

This Class includes, in particular:

  • tobacco substitutes (not for medical purposes).

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • cigarettes without tobacco, for medical purposes (Cl. 5).

Explanatory Note

Class 35 includes mainly services rendered by persons or organizations principally with the object of:

(1)     help in the working or management of a commercial undertaking, or

(2)     help in the management of the business affairs or commercial functions of an
industrial or commercial enterprise,

as well as services rendered by advertising establishments primarily undertaking communications to the public, declarations or announcements by all means of diffusion and concerning all kinds of goods or services.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • the bringing together, for the benefit of others, of a variety of goods (excluding the transport thereof), enabling customers to conveniently view and purchase those goods;  such services may be provided by retail stores, wholesale outlets, through vending machines, mail order catalogues or by means of electronic media, for example, through web sites or television shopping programmes;
  • services consisting of the registration, transcription, composition, compilation or systematization of written communications and registrations, and also the compilation of mathematical or statistical data;
  • services of advertising agencies and services such as the distribution of prospectuses, directly or through the post, or the distribution of samples.  This Class may refer to advertising in connection with other services, such as those concerning bank loans or advertising by radio.

Explanatory Note

Class 36 includes mainly services rendered in financial and monetary affairs and services rendered in relation to insurance contracts of all kinds.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • services relating to financial or monetary affairs comprise the following:

(a)   services of all the banking establishments, or institutions connected with them such as exchange brokers or clearing services;

(b)   services of credit institutions other than banks such as co-operative credit associations, individual financial companies, lenders, etc.;

(c)   services of “investment trusts,” of holding companies;

(d)   services of brokers dealing in shares and property;

(e)   services connected with monetary affairs vouched for by trustees;

(f)    services rendered in connection with the issue of travellers’ cheques and letters of credit;

  • hire- or lease-purchase financing;
  • services of realty administrators of buildings, i.e., services of letting or valuation, or financing;
  • services dealing with insurance such as services rendered by agents or brokers engaged in insurance, services rendered to insured, and insurance underwriting services.

Explanatory Note

Class 37 includes mainly services rendered by contractors or subcontractors in the construction or making of permanent buildings, as well as services rendered by persons or organizations engaged in the restoration of objects to their original condition or in their preservation without altering their physical or chemical properties.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services relating to the construction of buildings, roads, bridges, dams or transmission lines and services of undertakings specializing in the field of construction such as those of painters, plumbers, heating installers or roofers;
  • services auxiliary to construction services like inspections of construction plans;
  • services of shipbuilding;
  • services consisting of hiring of tools or building materials;
  • repair services, i.e., services which undertake to put any object into good condition after wear, damage, deterioration or partial destruction (restoration of an existing building or another object that has become imperfect and is to be restored to its original condition);
  • various repair services such as those in the fields of electricity, furniture, instruments, tools, etc.;
  • services of maintenance for preserving an object in its original condition without changing any of its properties (for the difference between this Class and Class 40 see the Explanatory Note of Class 40).

Explanatory Note

Class 38 includes mainly services allowing at least one person to communicate with another by a sensory means.  Such services include those which:

(1)        allow one person to talk to another,

(2)        transmit messages from one person to another, and

(3)        place a person in oral or visual communication with another (radio and television).

 

This Class includes, in particular:

– services which consist essentially of the diffusion of radio or television programmes.

Explanatory Note

Class 39 includes mainly services for the transport of people, animals or goods from one place to another (by rail, road, water, air or pipeline) and services necessarily connected with such transport, as well as services relating to the storing of goods in a warehouse or other building for their preservation or guarding.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services rendered by companies exploiting stations, bridges, rail-road ferries, etc., used by the transporter;
  • services connected with the hiring of transport vehicles;
  • services connected with maritime tugs, unloading, the functioning of ports and docks and the salvaging of wrecked ships and their cargoes;
  • services connected with the packaging and parcelling of goods before dispatch;
  • services consisting of information about journeys or the transport of goods by brokers and tourist agencies, information relating to tariffs, timetables and methods of transport;
  • services relating to the inspection of vehicles or goods before transport.

Explanatory Note

Class 40 includes mainly services not included in other classes, rendered by the mechanical or chemical processing, transformation or production of objects or inorganic or organic substances, including custom manufacturing services.

For the purposes of classification, the production or manufacturing of goods is considered a service only in cases where it is effected for the account of another person to their order and specification.

If the production or manufacturing is not being performed to fulfil an order for goods which meet the customer’s particular needs, requirements, or specifications, then it is generally ancillary to the maker’s primary commercial activity or goods in trade.

If the substance or object is marketed to third parties by the person who processed, transformed or produced it, then this would generally not be considered a service.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services relating to transformation of an object or substance and any process involving a change in its essential properties (for example, dyeing a garment);  consequently, a maintenance service, although usually in Class 37, is included in Class 40 if it entails such a change (for example, the chroming of motor vehicle bumpers);
  • services of material treatment which may be present during the production of any substance or object other than a building;  for example, services which involve cutting, shaping, polishing by abrasion or metal coating;
  • the custom manufacturing of goods to the order and specification of others (bearing in mind that certain offices require that the goods produced be indicated), for example, custom manufacturing of automobiles.

Explanatory Note

Class 41 covers mainly services rendered by persons or institutions in the development of the mental faculties of persons or animals, as well as services intended to entertain or to engage the attention.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services consisting of all forms of education of persons or training of animals;
  • services having the basic aim of the entertainment, amusement or recreation of people;
  • presentation of works of visual art or literature to the public for cultural or educational purposes.

Explanatory Note

Class 42 includes mainly services provided by persons, individually or collectively, in relation to the theoretical and practical aspects of complex fields of activities;  such services are provided by members of professions such as chemists, physicists, engineers, computer programmers, etc.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • the services of engineers and scientists who undertake evaluations, estimates, research and reports in the scientific and technological fields (including technological consultancy);
  • computer and technology services for securing computer data and personal and financial information and for the detection of unauthorized access to data and information;
  • scientific research services for medical purposes.

Explanatory Note

Class 43 includes mainly services provided by persons or establishments whose aim is to prepare food and drink for consumption and services provided to obtain bed and board in hotels, boarding houses or other establishments providing temporary accommodation.

 This Class includes, in particular:

  • reservation services for travellers’ accommodation, particularly through travel agencies or brokers;
  • boarding for animals.

 This Class does not include, in particular:

  • rental services for real estate such as houses, flats, etc., for permanent use (Cl. 36);
  • arranging travel by tourist agencies (Cl. 39);
  • preservation services for food and drink (Cl. 40);
  • discotheque services (Cl. 41);
  • boarding schools (Cl. 41);
  • rest and convalescent homes (Cl. 44).

Explanatory Note

Class 44 includes mainly medical care, hygienic and beauty care given by persons or establishments to human beings and animals;  it also includes services relating to the fields of agriculture, horticulture and forestry.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • medical analysis services relating to the treatment of persons (such as x-ray examinations and taking of blood samples);
  • artificial insemination services;
  • pharmacy advice;
  • animal breeding;services relating to the growing of plants such as gardening;
  • services relating to floral art such as floral compositions as well as garden design.